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Papius quoted "the Elder," probably the Apostle John, who said the following things about this Gospel: Mark wrote it, though he was not a disciple of Jesus during Jesus' ministry or an eyewitness of Jesus' ministry. He translated Aramaic words that would have been unfamiliar to Gentiles (; ; , 34; ). Jesus' ascension -20 Carson and Moo divided the book a bit differently, as follows. Preliminaries to the ministry 1:1-13 Transition -15 II.

By this, "the Elder" probably meant that Mark recorded the teaching of Peter for the church, though not necessarily verbatim, as Peter expressed himself. Another unique feature is that Mark also liked to transliterate Latin words into Greek. Mark portrays Him in the brown and green of a servant who has come to do His Father's will.

This testimony dates from the end of the second century. He was evidently a relative of Barnabas, and he accompanied Barnabas and Paul on their first missionary journey, but left these apostles when they reached Perga. However, Clement of Alexandria and Origen both placed the composition of this Gospel during Peter's lifetime.

However, Mark used a forceful, fresh, and vigorous style of writing. The hope for a divine Servant of God was an Old Testament revelation.

It also impresses the reader with the need for him or her to respond to what the story is presenting. Whenever the Bible speaks of Jesus as a servant it is always talking about His providing salvation. The quotation from Malachi in verse 2 is only introductory.

Specifically, Mark wanted his readers to believe that Jesus is the Messiah and the Son of God, and to follow Him. Warnings about personal danger during deceptions 13:9-13 4. Mark began by citing Isaiah, who predicted the Servant of God (1:3; cf. This is very significant because Mark, unlike Matthew, rarely quoted from the Old Testament.

In a similar way, Mark's occasional literary lapses have been no handicap to his communication in this gospel in which he skillfully set forth the life and ministry of Jesus." Mark addressed his readers directly (e.g., ; ), through Jesus' words (e.g., ), and with the use of rhetorical questions addressed to them (e.g., ). This good news is that Jesus has provided salvation for humankind.

His command of English was seemingly less than perfect and there were moments when he may have wounded the grammatical sensibilities of some of the more literate members of his audiences, but this inability never significantly hindered him in communicating the gospel with great effectiveness. Mark presents Jesus as a real man who was also God in the role of a servant. The second person of the Trinity became a servant to create a gospel, to provide good news for human beings.

Historically, Mark recorded many intimate details that only an eyewitness could have observed, which he evidently obtained from Peter (e.g., , 41, 43; ; 3:5; ; 9:5-6, 10; , 32). Isaiah pictured One who would come to accomplish God's purpose of providing final salvation.

He stressed Jesus' acts and gave a prominent place to His miracles in this Gospel. Matthew, on the other hand, stressed Jesus' discourses, His teachings about His kingdom. His picture of the Servant became more distinct and detailed, like a portrait under construction, until in chapter 53, Isaiah depicted the Servant's awful sufferings.

Thus there is strong external evidence that Mark wrote this Gospel. Peter described him as his "son," probably his protg. Perhaps Mark began his Gospel during Peter's last years in Rome and completed it after Peter's death. Many scholars believe that since no Gospel writer referred to that event, which fulfilled prophecy, they all must have written before it. Origin and Destination Most of the early Christian tradition says Mark wrote in Italy, and specifically in Rome.

Furthermore it comes from three different centers of early Christianity: Asia Minor (modern Turkey), Rome (in Italy), and Alexandria (in Egypt). Mark became useful to Paul during Paul's second Roman imprisonment, and was also with Peter when Peter was in Rome. This may mean that Mark wrote shortly before Peter died.

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